镜缘浮影 小人本住在 苏州的城外 家里有屋又有田 生活乐无边

Gin 15

2018-07-19
wilmosfang
go
 
原文地址 http://soft.dog/2018/07/19/go-gin-15/

前言

Gin 是一款用 Go(Golang) 编写的 web 框架

Gin is a web framework written in Go (Golang). It features a martini-like API with much better performance, up to 40 times faster thanks to httprouter

因为 httprouter, 它提供了更高的性能

这里演示一下 Gin 渲染 XML JSON 和 YAML

gin 的 API 可以参考 API REFFERENCE

Tip: 当前的版本为 Gin 1.2Go 1.10 (但是实验环境下,Go没有使用最新的版本)


操作

系统环境

[root@h160 ~]# hostnamectl 
   Static hostname: h160
         Icon name: computer-vm
           Chassis: vm
        Machine ID: d46f9440d4be429ea66b726977adf233
           Boot ID: a0fc6a1b4f124e39a27866d4df0701fa
    Virtualization: kvm
  Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core)
       CPE OS Name: cpe:/o:centos:centos:7
            Kernel: Linux 3.10.0-862.2.3.el7.x86_64
      Architecture: x86-64
[root@h160 ~]# ip a 
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 52:54:00:c9:c7:04 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.2.15/24 brd 10.0.2.255 scope global noprefixroute dynamic eth0
       valid_lft 84363sec preferred_lft 84363sec
    inet6 fe80::5054:ff:fec9:c704/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: eth1: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:48:f4:2c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.56.160/24 brd 192.168.56.255 scope global noprefixroute eth1
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe48:f42c/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
[root@h160 ~]# go version
go version go1.9.4 linux/amd64
[root@h160 ~]#

进入 GOPATH

[vagrant@h160 ~]$ echo $GOPATH
/vagrant/go
[vagrant@h160 ~]$ cd $GOPATH
[vagrant@h160 go]$ pwd
/vagrant/go
[vagrant@h160 go]$ 

代码注解

package main //指明此包为 main 包

import ( //使用这种方式导入多个包可以更为简洁
	"net/http" //导入这个以调用 http.StatusOK

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin" //导入 gin 包
)

func main() { // 一个main包中有且只有一个main 函数
	r := gin.Default()           //使用 gin.Default() 方法生成一个引擎实例,这个实例默认情况下已经将 Logger Recovery 进行了装载
	r.GET("/someJSON", someJSON) //GET方法匹配到 /someJSON 后都交由 someJSON 来处理
	r.GET("/moreJSON", moreJSON) //GET方法匹配到 /moreJSON 后都交由 moreJSON 来处理
	r.GET("/someXML", someXML)   //GET方法匹配到 /someXML 后都交由 someXML 来处理
	r.GET("/someYAML", someYAML) //GET方法匹配到 /someYAML 后都交由 someYAML 来处理
	r.Run(":8080")               //在 0.0.0.0:8080 上启监听
}

func someJSON(c *gin.Context) { //构建一个 someJSON 函数来处理请求
	c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK})
}
func moreJSON(c *gin.Context) { //构建一个 moreJSON 函数来处理请求
	var msg struct { //定义一个匿名结构体,和使用这个类型来定义一个 msg
		Name    string `json:"user"` //拥有三个属性
		Message string
		Number  int
	}
	msg.Name = "bob"           //赋值 Name
	msg.Message = "hello"      //赋值 Message
	msg.Number = 8080          //赋值 Number
	c.JSON(http.StatusOK, msg) // 使用 JSON 的格式输出
}

func someXML(c *gin.Context) { //构建一个 someXML 函数来处理请求
	c.XML(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK}) //使用 XML 的格式输出
}

func someYAML(c *gin.Context) { //构建一个 someYAML 函数来处理请求
	c.YAML(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK}) //使用 XML 的格式输出
}

编译执行

[vagrant@h160 go]$ go run hello.go 
[GIN-debug] [WARNING] Now Gin requires Go 1.6 or later and Go 1.7 will be required soon.

[GIN-debug] [WARNING] Creating an Engine instance with the Logger and Recovery middleware already attached.

[GIN-debug] [WARNING] Running in "debug" mode. Switch to "release" mode in production.
 - using env:	export GIN_MODE=release
 - using code:	gin.SetMode(gin.ReleaseMode)

[GIN-debug] GET    /someJSON                 --> main.someJSON (3 handlers)
[GIN-debug] GET    /moreJSON                 --> main.moreJSON (3 handlers)
[GIN-debug] GET    /someXML                  --> main.someXML (3 handlers)
[GIN-debug] GET    /someYAML                 --> main.someYAML (3 handlers)
[GIN-debug] Listening and serving HTTP on :8080
[GIN] 2018/07/19 - 15:30:58 | 200 |     216.692µs |  192.168.56.105 | GET      /someJSON
[GIN] 2018/07/19 - 15:31:05 | 200 |     121.688µs |  192.168.56.105 | GET      /moreJSON
[GIN] 2018/07/19 - 15:31:14 | 200 |     148.411µs |  192.168.56.105 | GET      /someXML
[GIN] 2018/07/19 - 15:31:20 | 200 |     183.779µs |  192.168.56.105 | GET      /someYAML
...
...
...

客户的请求为

[vagrant@h105 ~]$ curl -v -XGET 'http://192.168.56.160:8080/someJSON'
* About to connect() to 192.168.56.160 port 8080 (#0)
*   Trying 192.168.56.160...
* Connected to 192.168.56.160 (192.168.56.160) port 8080 (#0)
> GET /someJSON HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.29.0
> Host: 192.168.56.160:8080
> Accept: */*
> 
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
< Date: Thu, 19 Jul 2018 15:30:58 GMT
< Content-Length: 30
< 
* Connection #0 to host 192.168.56.160 left intact
{"message":"hey","status":200}[vagrant@h105 ~]$ 
[vagrant@h105 ~]$ 
[vagrant@h105 ~]$ curl -v -XGET 'http://192.168.56.160:8080/moreJSON'
* About to connect() to 192.168.56.160 port 8080 (#0)
*   Trying 192.168.56.160...
* Connected to 192.168.56.160 (192.168.56.160) port 8080 (#0)
> GET /moreJSON HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.29.0
> Host: 192.168.56.160:8080
> Accept: */*
> 
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
< Date: Thu, 19 Jul 2018 15:31:05 GMT
< Content-Length: 46
< 
* Connection #0 to host 192.168.56.160 left intact
{"user":"bob","Message":"hello","Number":8080}[vagrant@h105 ~]$ 
[vagrant@h105 ~]$ 
[vagrant@h105 ~]$ curl -v -XGET 'http://192.168.56.160:8080/someXML'
* About to connect() to 192.168.56.160 port 8080 (#0)
*   Trying 192.168.56.160...
* Connected to 192.168.56.160 (192.168.56.160) port 8080 (#0)
> GET /someXML HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.29.0
> Host: 192.168.56.160:8080
> Accept: */*
> 
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: application/xml; charset=utf-8
< Date: Thu, 19 Jul 2018 15:31:14 GMT
< Content-Length: 53
< 
* Connection #0 to host 192.168.56.160 left intact
<map><message>hey</message><status>200</status></map>[vagrant@h105 ~]$ 
[vagrant@h105 ~]$ 
[vagrant@h105 ~]$ 
[vagrant@h105 ~]$ curl -v -XGET 'http://192.168.56.160:8080/someYAML'
* About to connect() to 192.168.56.160 port 8080 (#0)
*   Trying 192.168.56.160...
* Connected to 192.168.56.160 (192.168.56.160) port 8080 (#0)
> GET /someYAML HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.29.0
> Host: 192.168.56.160:8080
> Accept: */*
> 
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: application/x-yaml; charset=utf-8
< Date: Thu, 19 Jul 2018 15:31:20 GMT
< Content-Length: 25
< 
message: hey
status: 200
* Connection #0 to host 192.168.56.160 left intact
[vagrant@h105 ~]$ 

总结

构建一个简单的 web 还是非常快捷的

可以以 JSON XML YAML 的格式进行输出


原文地址 http://soft.dog/2018/07/19/go-gin-15/

类似博客

评论